Rewrite the expression as <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mo>-</mo><mn>2</mn><mi>cos</mi><mrow><mo>(</mo><mn>4</mn><mi>x</mi><mo>+</mo><mi>π</mi><mo>)</mo></mrow><mo>+</mo><mn>4</mn></mstyle></math> .

Use the form <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mi>a</mi><mi>cos</mi><mrow><mo>(</mo><mi>b</mi><mi>x</mi><mo>-</mo><mi>c</mi><mo>)</mo></mrow><mo>+</mo><mi>d</mi></mstyle></math> to find the variables used to find the amplitude, period, phase shift, and vertical shift.

Find the amplitude <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mrow><mo>|</mo><mi>a</mi><mo>|</mo></mrow></mstyle></math> .

Amplitude: <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>2</mn></mstyle></math>

The period of the function can be calculated using <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mfrac><mrow><mn>2</mn><mi>π</mi></mrow><mrow><mrow><mo>|</mo><mi>b</mi><mo>|</mo></mrow></mrow></mfrac></mstyle></math> .

Replace <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mi>b</mi></mstyle></math> with <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>4</mn></mstyle></math> in the formula for period.

The absolute value is the distance between a number and zero. The distance between <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>0</mn></mstyle></math> and <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>4</mn></mstyle></math> is <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>4</mn></mstyle></math> .

Cancel the common factor of <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>2</mn></mstyle></math> and <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>4</mn></mstyle></math> .

Factor <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>2</mn></mstyle></math> out of <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>2</mn><mi>π</mi></mstyle></math> .

Cancel the common factors.

Factor <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>2</mn></mstyle></math> out of <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>4</mn></mstyle></math> .

Cancel the common factor.

Rewrite the expression.

The phase shift of the function can be calculated from <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mfrac><mrow><mi>c</mi></mrow><mrow><mi>b</mi></mrow></mfrac></mstyle></math> .

Phase Shift: <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mfrac><mrow><mi>c</mi></mrow><mrow><mi>b</mi></mrow></mfrac></mstyle></math>

Replace the values of <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mi>c</mi></mstyle></math> and <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mi>b</mi></mstyle></math> in the equation for phase shift.

Phase Shift: <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mfrac><mrow><mo>-</mo><mi>π</mi></mrow><mrow><mn>4</mn></mrow></mfrac></mstyle></math>

Move the negative in front of the fraction.

Phase Shift: <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mo>-</mo><mfrac><mrow><mi>π</mi></mrow><mrow><mn>4</mn></mrow></mfrac></mstyle></math>

Phase Shift: <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mo>-</mo><mfrac><mrow><mi>π</mi></mrow><mrow><mn>4</mn></mrow></mfrac></mstyle></math>

Find the vertical shift <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mi>d</mi></mstyle></math> .

Vertical Shift: <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>4</mn></mstyle></math>

List the properties of the trigonometric function.

Amplitude: <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>2</mn></mstyle></math>

Period: <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mfrac><mrow><mi>π</mi></mrow><mrow><mn>2</mn></mrow></mfrac></mstyle></math>

Phase Shift: <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mo>-</mo><mfrac><mrow><mi>π</mi></mrow><mrow><mn>4</mn></mrow></mfrac></mstyle></math> (<math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mfrac><mrow><mi>π</mi></mrow><mrow><mn>4</mn></mrow></mfrac></mstyle></math> to the left)

Vertical Shift: <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>4</mn></mstyle></math>

Find the point at <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mi>x</mi><mo>=</mo><mo>-</mo><mfrac><mrow><mi>π</mi></mrow><mrow><mn>4</mn></mrow></mfrac></mstyle></math> .

Replace the variable <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mi>x</mi></mstyle></math> with <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mo>-</mo><mfrac><mrow><mi>π</mi></mrow><mrow><mn>4</mn></mrow></mfrac></mstyle></math> in the expression.

Simplify the result.

Simplify each term.

Cancel the common factor of <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>4</mn></mstyle></math> .

Move the leading negative in <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mo>-</mo><mfrac><mrow><mi>π</mi></mrow><mrow><mn>4</mn></mrow></mfrac></mstyle></math> into the numerator.

Cancel the common factor.

Rewrite the expression.

Add <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mo>-</mo><mi>π</mi></mstyle></math> and <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mi>π</mi></mstyle></math> .

The exact value of <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mi>cos</mi><mrow><mo>(</mo><mn>0</mn><mo>)</mo></mrow></mstyle></math> is <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>1</mn></mstyle></math> .

Multiply <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mo>-</mo><mn>2</mn></mstyle></math> by <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>1</mn></mstyle></math> .

Subtract <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>2</mn></mstyle></math> from <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>4</mn></mstyle></math> .

The final answer is <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>2</mn></mstyle></math> .

Find the point at <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mi>x</mi><mo>=</mo><mo>-</mo><mfrac><mrow><mi>π</mi></mrow><mrow><mn>8</mn></mrow></mfrac></mstyle></math> .

Replace the variable <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mi>x</mi></mstyle></math> with <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mo>-</mo><mfrac><mrow><mi>π</mi></mrow><mrow><mn>8</mn></mrow></mfrac></mstyle></math> in the expression.

Simplify the result.

Simplify each term.

Simplify each term.

Cancel the common factor of <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>4</mn></mstyle></math> .

Move the leading negative in <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mo>-</mo><mfrac><mrow><mi>π</mi></mrow><mrow><mn>8</mn></mrow></mfrac></mstyle></math> into the numerator.

Factor <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>4</mn></mstyle></math> out of <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>8</mn></mstyle></math> .

Cancel the common factor.

Rewrite the expression.

Move the negative in front of the fraction.

To write <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mi>π</mi></mstyle></math> as a fraction with a common denominator, multiply by <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mfrac><mrow><mn>2</mn></mrow><mrow><mn>2</mn></mrow></mfrac></mstyle></math> .

Combine <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mi>π</mi></mstyle></math> and <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mfrac><mrow><mn>2</mn></mrow><mrow><mn>2</mn></mrow></mfrac></mstyle></math> .

Combine the numerators over the common denominator.

Simplify the numerator.

Move <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>2</mn></mstyle></math> to the left of <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mi>π</mi></mstyle></math> .

Add <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mo>-</mo><mi>π</mi></mstyle></math> and <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>2</mn><mi>π</mi></mstyle></math> .

The exact value of <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mi>cos</mi><mrow><mo>(</mo><mfrac><mrow><mi>π</mi></mrow><mrow><mn>2</mn></mrow></mfrac><mo>)</mo></mrow></mstyle></math> is <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>0</mn></mstyle></math> .

Multiply <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mo>-</mo><mn>2</mn></mstyle></math> by <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>0</mn></mstyle></math> .

Add <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>4</mn></mstyle></math> and <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>0</mn></mstyle></math> .

The final answer is <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>4</mn></mstyle></math> .

Find the point at <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mi>x</mi><mo>=</mo><mn>0</mn></mstyle></math> .

Replace the variable <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mi>x</mi></mstyle></math> with <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>0</mn></mstyle></math> in the expression.

Simplify the result.

Simplify each term.

Multiply <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>4</mn></mstyle></math> by <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>0</mn></mstyle></math> .

Add <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>0</mn></mstyle></math> and <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mi>π</mi></mstyle></math> .

Apply the reference angle by finding the angle with equivalent trig values in the first quadrant. Make the expression negative because cosine is negative in the second quadrant.

The exact value of <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mi>cos</mi><mrow><mo>(</mo><mn>0</mn><mo>)</mo></mrow></mstyle></math> is <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>1</mn></mstyle></math> .

Multiply <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mo>-</mo><mn>1</mn></mstyle></math> by <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>1</mn></mstyle></math> .

Multiply <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mo>-</mo><mn>2</mn></mstyle></math> by <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mo>-</mo><mn>1</mn></mstyle></math> .

Add <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>4</mn></mstyle></math> and <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>2</mn></mstyle></math> .

The final answer is <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>6</mn></mstyle></math> .

Find the point at <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mi>x</mi><mo>=</mo><mfrac><mrow><mi>π</mi></mrow><mrow><mn>8</mn></mrow></mfrac></mstyle></math> .

Replace the variable <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mi>x</mi></mstyle></math> with <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mfrac><mrow><mi>π</mi></mrow><mrow><mn>8</mn></mrow></mfrac></mstyle></math> in the expression.

Simplify the result.

Simplify each term.

Cancel the common factor of <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>4</mn></mstyle></math> .

Factor <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>4</mn></mstyle></math> out of <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>8</mn></mstyle></math> .

Cancel the common factor.

Rewrite the expression.

To write <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mi>π</mi></mstyle></math> as a fraction with a common denominator, multiply by <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mfrac><mrow><mn>2</mn></mrow><mrow><mn>2</mn></mrow></mfrac></mstyle></math> .

Combine <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mi>π</mi></mstyle></math> and <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mfrac><mrow><mn>2</mn></mrow><mrow><mn>2</mn></mrow></mfrac></mstyle></math> .

Combine the numerators over the common denominator.

Simplify the numerator.

Move <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>2</mn></mstyle></math> to the left of <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mi>π</mi></mstyle></math> .

Add <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mi>π</mi></mstyle></math> and <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>2</mn><mi>π</mi></mstyle></math> .

Apply the reference angle by finding the angle with equivalent trig values in the first quadrant.

The exact value of <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mi>cos</mi><mrow><mo>(</mo><mfrac><mrow><mi>π</mi></mrow><mrow><mn>2</mn></mrow></mfrac><mo>)</mo></mrow></mstyle></math> is <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>0</mn></mstyle></math> .

Multiply <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mo>-</mo><mn>2</mn></mstyle></math> by <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>0</mn></mstyle></math> .

Add <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>4</mn></mstyle></math> and <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>0</mn></mstyle></math> .

The final answer is <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>4</mn></mstyle></math> .

Find the point at <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mi>x</mi><mo>=</mo><mfrac><mrow><mi>π</mi></mrow><mrow><mn>4</mn></mrow></mfrac></mstyle></math> .

Replace the variable <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mi>x</mi></mstyle></math> with <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mfrac><mrow><mi>π</mi></mrow><mrow><mn>4</mn></mrow></mfrac></mstyle></math> in the expression.

Simplify the result.

Simplify each term.

Cancel the common factor of <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>4</mn></mstyle></math> .

Cancel the common factor.

Rewrite the expression.

Add <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mi>π</mi></mstyle></math> and <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mi>π</mi></mstyle></math> .

Subtract full rotations of <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>2</mn><mi>π</mi></mstyle></math> until the angle is greater than or equal to <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>0</mn></mstyle></math> and less than <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>2</mn><mi>π</mi></mstyle></math> .

The exact value of <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mi>cos</mi><mrow><mo>(</mo><mn>0</mn><mo>)</mo></mrow></mstyle></math> is <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>1</mn></mstyle></math> .

Multiply <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mo>-</mo><mn>2</mn></mstyle></math> by <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>1</mn></mstyle></math> .

Subtract <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>2</mn></mstyle></math> from <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>4</mn></mstyle></math> .

The final answer is <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>2</mn></mstyle></math> .

List the points in a table.

The trig function can be graphed using the amplitude, period, phase shift, vertical shift, and the points.

Amplitude: <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>2</mn></mstyle></math>

Period: <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mfrac><mrow><mi>π</mi></mrow><mrow><mn>2</mn></mrow></mfrac></mstyle></math>

Phase Shift: <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mo>-</mo><mfrac><mrow><mi>π</mi></mrow><mrow><mn>4</mn></mrow></mfrac></mstyle></math> (<math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mfrac><mrow><mi>π</mi></mrow><mrow><mn>4</mn></mrow></mfrac></mstyle></math> to the left)

Vertical Shift: <math><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mn>4</mn></mstyle></math>

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